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Miniature Sages

(AB = Analytical Bibliography)

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts [AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 17000, fol. 118

French Continuations: Marques, Laurin, Cassidorus

Miniature: Marques and Synador at Arthur's

tournament

Painted initial

BN_17000_f._118.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts [AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22549, fol. 1r

Sept sages de Rome, Marques, Laurin, Cassidorus, Peliarmenus

"des faiz de pluseurs empereurs de Romme et de Costantinoble"

BN_22549.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts [AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22550, fol. 12v-13r

Sept sages de Rome, Marques, Laurin, Cassidorus,

Peliarmenus

Fol. 12v(e-f) miniature depicting the story arbor

Fol. 12v(e) coloured initial

BN_22550.jpg

French Continuations in Miniatures

III.8.xii.b. [AB 509-520]



Cassidorus

III.8.xii.b. [AB 509-520]

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 93, fol. 319v

Battle between Cassidorus and Calcas

(at left), Calcas' flight (at right)

BN_93_f._319v_.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. BnF f.fr. 93, fol. 490v

Cassidorus' funeral

BN_93_f._490v.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22548, fol. 189r

Cassidorus listening to a story by

one of the twelve princes

BN_22548_f._189.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22548, fol. 191v

Cassidorus' dream

BN_22548_f._191v.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22548, fol. 192v

Cassidorus listening to a story by

one of the twelve princes

BN_22548_f._192v.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22548, fol. 204r

Cassidorus' return to Constantinople;

his dream

BN_22548_f._204.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22549, fol. 30v

BN_22549_f._30v.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22549, fol. 47v

BN_22549_47v.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22549, fol. 49v

BSN_22549_f._49v.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22549, fol. 60v

BN_22549_f._60v.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22549, fol. 72r

BN_22549_f._72.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22549, fol. 117v

BN_22549_f._117v.jpgBN_22548_f._172.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22548, fol. 172r

Cassidorus' death (?); his being given over to the king of Frisia

Helcanus

III.8.xii.c. [AB 521-522]

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 93, fol. 331r

Battle of Chastel d'Acharie

Hel_93_f._331r.jpg

Kanor

III.8.xii.d. [AB 523-529]

III.8.ii. French Manuscrips

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 93, fol. 491v

Nicole following the lion

Kanor_93_f._491v.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 93, fol. 531v

Diomarques and Cassidore

Kanor_93_f._531v.jpg

Laurin

III.8.xii.e. [AB 530-535]

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 93, fol. 160v

Laurin and Gauvain exchange swords

Laurin_93_f._160v.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22548, fol. 104r

Laurin on horseback

Laurin_22548_f._104.jpg

Marques

III.8.xii.f. [AB 536-540]

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 93, fol. 60v

Marques introduces the knights,

Marques jousting (on right)

Marques_93_f._60v.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 1421, fol. 25r

The empress threatening to

mutilate Marques

Marques_1421_f._25r.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22548, fol. 27r

Marques avenging the damsel

Marques_22548_f._27r.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22548, fol. 147v

Arthur and Marques

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 22548, fol. 159v

Marques leaving Diogenne

Marques_22548_f._147v.jpgMarques_22548_f._150v.jpg

Peliarmenus

III.8.xii.g. [AB 541]

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413]

MS. Paris, BnF f.fr. 93, fol. 351v

Peliarmenus and Dyalogus (left);

Dorus being saved from drowning (center);

Bourleus finding Dorus and Cassidore (right)

Peli_93_f._351v.jpgPeli_93_f._427r.jpg

III.8.ii. French Manuscripts

[AB 327-413] MS, Paris, BnF 93, fol. 427r

Peliarmenus and Mirus fighting



III.3. Western Versions:  Catalan Version [AB 114-116]

116-2015.
Marc Maulu (Università degli Studi di Sassari, Italy) is preparing an article on the Catalan fragment (cf. Mussafia, Adolf, Die catalanische metrische Version der Sieben weisen Meister, Vienna 1876 [AB 115]; Janer y de Mils de La Roca, Ignazio de, Llibro dels Set Savis de Roma, Barcelona 1907 [AB 116]; Brunel, Clovis, “Une version provençale des Sept Sages de Rome,” Romania 76 [1955]: 244-247 [AB 695]; and see on-line AB 116-1996, 116-2001, 116-2006, 695-1955, 695-1996).

He has delivered a paper at the XI. Congress of the Società Italiana di Filologia Romanza in Catania (Italy) on 22-26 September 2015.

Execution Sages-Style

 

In Marques’s senescalcus

 

“… (l’empereres) fist querre le senechal. Et quant il fu trovez si fist li empereres aporter une es trenchant et la li fist chevauchier et fist pendre .ii. granz pieres a ses .ii. piez si que les pieres ne li pie ne tochoient a tere, et la pesance des pieres li fesoit entrer l’es el fondement. Einsi fu li seneschaus .ii. jors et au tiers si morut, quar il estoit fenduz trusqu’au nombril” (MS. Paris, Bnf 1421, fol. 82a; [AB 536] Alton, ed., p. 115).

 

“…(the emperor) had the senechal sought. And when he was found the emperor had a cutting blade brought and made him ride [on] it and had two big stones hung at his two feet so that the stones nor the feet did not touch the ground, and the weight of the stones made the blade enter him in the seat. Thus was the senechal for two days and on the third he died, for he was split [all the way] to his navel.”


Smiles for the Sages?

 

Wise Physicians or “Purple” Sages?

 

In Marques’s medicus, in order to punish his nephew, Hippocrates…

 

“… prist herbes et les tribla ensemble et les fist beivre a son neveu. Si tost come ses nies les ot beues si li entre li membres et li geniteres dedenz le cors / si qu’il sembloit qu’il n’eust onques eu entre .ii. jambes chose sale nule fors .i. pertuis par ou il pissoit” (MS. Paris, Bnf 1421, fol. 84a-b; [AB 536] Alton, ed., p. 119).

                                                                                              

“… took herbs and ground them up together and made his nephew drink them. As soon as his nephew had drunk them his member and genitalia entered inside his body so that it seemed that he had never had between [his] two legs any dirty thing whatsoever except a hole through which he pissed.”

Sage (In)justice

 

In Marques’s noverca the knight’s son is executed but…

“L’en li coupa la teste. Puis qu’ele fu coupee la teste parla et dist: ‘Peres, vos m’avez ocis a tort’” (ibid., fol. 89a; Alton, ed., p. 129).

 

“One cut his head off. When it was cut off the head spoke and said: ‘Father, you have killed me wrongfully.’”